Cornea Transplant Specialist India
- Posted on in Organ Transplant
The cornea is the clear layer on the front of the eye. A corneal transplant is surgery to replace the cornea with tissue from a donor. It is one of the most common transplants done.
Injury, infection, genetic diseases and malnutrition can affect the functioning of the cornea. The cornea becomes cloudy or warped due to disease, injury or infection. A damaged cornea distorts light as it enters the eye causing decreased vision. This kind of visual impairment is called corneal blindness. This is the only type of visual impairment that can be treated by corneal transplantation.
Corneal transplantation or corneal grafting, is a surgical procedure where the damaged cornea is replaced by donated corneal tissue (the graft) in its entirety (penetrating keratoplasty) or in part (lamellar keratoplasty). The graft is taken from a recently deceased individual with no known diseases or other factors that may affect the viability of the donated tissue or the health of the recipient.
The surgical procedure is performed by ophthalmologist, medical doctors who specialize in eyes, and is often done on an outpatient basis.